Pharmacology & Toxicology
Types of Degrees Pharmacology & Toxicology Majors Are Getting
The following table lists how many pharmacology and toxicology graduations there were in 2018-2019 for each degree level.
|Education Level||Number of Grads|
What Pharmacology & Toxicology Majors Need to Know
People with careers related to pharmacology were asked what knowledge areas, skills, and abilities were important for their jobs. They weighted these areas on a scale of 1 to 5 with 5 being the highest.
Knowledge Areas for Pharmacology Majors
This major prepares you for careers in which these knowledge areas are important:
- English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Biology - Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
- Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
- Chemistry - Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
Skills for Pharmacology Majors
When studying pharmacology, you’ll learn many skills that will help you be successful in a wide range of jobs - even those that do not require a degree in the field. The following is a list of some of the most common skills needed for careers associated with this major:
- Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
- Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
Abilities for Pharmacology Majors
A major in pharmacology will prepare for your careers in which the following abilities are important:
- Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Written Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
What Can You Do With a Pharmacology & Toxicology Major?
People with a pharmacology degree often go into the following careers:
|Job Title||Job Growth Rate||Median Salary|
|Biological Science Professors||15.1%||$82,550|
|Clinical Research Coordinators||9.9%||$123,860|
|Health Specialties Professors||25.9%||$97,370|
|Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists||13.4%||$84,810|
|Molecular and Cellular Biologists||8.0%||$79,590|
|Natural Sciences Managers||9.9%||$123,860|
|Water Resource Specialists||9.9%||$123,860|
Who Is Getting a Bachelor’s Degree in Pharmacology & Toxicology?
At the countrywide level, the racial-ethnic distribution of pharmacology majors is as follows:
|Race/Ethnicity||Number of Grads|
|Black or African American||17|
|Hispanic or Latino||25|
Students from other countries are interested in Pharmacology, too. About 4.2% of those with this major are international students. The most popular countries for students from outside the country are:
- Saudi Arabia
- South Korea
How Much Do Pharmacology & Toxicology Majors Make?
Bachelor’s Degree Starting Salary
The median early-career salary of pharmacology and toxicology students with a bachelor’s degree is $33,600 a year according to 2017-2018 data from the U.S. Department of Education. During this timeframe, most salaries fell between $33,600 (25th percentile) and $33,600 (75th percentile).
It is possible that some of these people may have taken positions that were not related to pharmacology.
Salaries According to BLS
Average salaries range from $96,420 to $122,320 (25th to 75th percentile) for careers related to pharmacology. This range includes all degree levels, so the salary for a person with just a bachelor’s degree may be a little less and the one for a person with an advanced degree may be a little more.
To put that into context, according to BLS data from the first quarter of 2020, the typical high school graduate makes between $30,000 and $57,900 a year (25th through 75th percentile). The average person with a bachelor’s degree (any field) makes between $45,600 and $99,000. Advanced degree holders make the most with salaries between $55,600 and $125,400.
Amount of Education Required for Careers Related to Pharmacology & Toxicology
Some degrees associated with pharmacology may require an advanced degree, while others may not even require a bachelor’s in the field. Whatever the case may be, pursuing more education usually means that more career options will be available to you.
How much schooling do you really need to compete in today’s job market? People currently working in careers related to pharmacology have obtained the following education levels.
|Education Level||Percentage of Workers|
|Less than a High School Diploma||0.5%|
|High School Diploma - or the equivalent (for example, GED)||1.2%|
|Post-Secondary Certificate - awarded for training completed after high school (for example, in agriculture or natural resources, computer services, personal or culinary services, engineering technologies, healthcare, construction trades, mechanic and repair technologies, or precision production)||1.6%|
|Associate’s Degree (or other 2-year degree)||2.3%|
|Post-Baccalaureate Certificate - awarded for completion of an organized program of study; designed for people who have completed a Baccalaureate degree but do not meet the requirements of academic degrees carrying the title of Master.||1.7%|
|First Professional Degree - awarded for completion of a program that: requires at least 2 years of college work before entrance into the program, includes a total of at least 6 academic years of work to complete, and provides all remaining academic requirements to begin practice in a profession.||0.0%|
Online Pharmacology & Toxicology Programs
In the 2018-2019 academic year, 136 schools offered some type of pharmacology and toxicology program. The following table lists the number of programs by degree level, along with how many schools offered online courses in the field.
|Degree Level||Colleges Offering Programs||Colleges Offering Online Classes|
|Certificate (Less Than 1 Year)||1||0|
|Certificate (1-2 years)||0||0|
|Certificate (2-4 Years)||0||0|
|Doctor’s Degree (Research)||138||0|
|Doctor’s Degree (Professional Practice)||1||0|
|Doctor’s Degree (Other)||0||0|
Is a Degree in Pharmacology & Toxicology Worth It?
The median salary for a pharmacology grad is $97,340 per year. This is based on the weighted average of the most common careers associated with the major.
This is 144% more than the average salary for an individual holding a high school degree. This adds up to a gain of about $1,148,800 after 20 years!
Top Ranking Lists for Pharmacology & Toxicology
Explore Major by State
District of Columbia
Majors Related to Pharmacology & Toxicology
You may also be interested in one of the following majors related to pharmacology.
|Major||Number of Grads|
|Biochemistry, Biophysics & Molecular Biology||14,004|
|Neurobiology & Neurosciences||9,504|
|Physiology & Pathology Sciences||7,844|
|Ecology, Evolution & Systematics Biology||6,987|
|Cell Biology & Anatomical Sciences||5,671|
|Microbiological Sciences & Immunology||4,469|
|Biological & Biomedical Sciences (Other)||3,646|
|Biomathematics & Bioinformatics||2,404|
*The racial-ethnic minorities count is calculated by taking the total number of students and subtracting white students, international students, and students whose race/ethnicity was unknown. This number is then divided by the total number of students at the school to obtain the racial-ethnic minorities percentage.
- College Factual
- College Scorecard
- National Center for Education Statistics
- O*NET Online
- U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
- Usual Weekly Earnings of Wage and Salary Workers First Quarter 2020
- Image Credit: By Fvasconcellos under License
More about our data sources and methodologies.
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