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Molecular and Cellular Biologist

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What is a Molecular and Cellular Biologist?

Job Description & Duties Research and study cellular molecules and organelles to understand cell function and organization.

List of Molecular and Cellular Biologist Job Duties

  • Develop guidelines for procedures such as the management of viruses.
  • Confer with vendors to evaluate new equipment or reagents or to discuss the customization of product lines to meet user requirements.
  • Maintain accurate laboratory records and data.
  • Direct, coordinate, organize, or prioritize biological laboratory activities.
  • Design databases such as mutagenesis libraries.
  • Evaluate new technologies to enhance or complement current research.

Molecular and Cellular Biologist Skills

Molecular and Cellular Biologists state the following job skills are important in their day-to-day work.

Science: Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.

Reading Comprehension: Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Critical Thinking: Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Writing: Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

Active Listening: Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Speaking: Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Types of Molecular and Cellular Biologist

  • Molecular Biology Director
  • Cellular Biologist
  • Structural Biologist
  • DNA Sequencing Associate
  • Cell Biology Scientist

What Kind of Molecular and Cellular Biologist Job Opportunities Are There?

In the United States, there were 38,700 jobs for Molecular and Cellular Biologist in 2016. New jobs are being produced at a rate of 8% which is above the national average. The Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts 3,100 new jobs for Molecular and Cellular Biologist by 2026. There will be an estimated 3,700 positions for Molecular and Cellular Biologist per year.


The states with the most job growth for Molecular and Cellular Biologist are Nevada, Utah, and Ohio. Watch out if you plan on working in Wyoming, South Dakota, or Rhode Island. These states have the worst job growth for this type of profession.

Salary for a Molecular and Cellular Biologist

The average yearly salary of a Molecular and Cellular Biologist ranges between $45,030 and $126,390.


Molecular and Cellular Biologists who work in Maryland, Rhode Island, or Delaware, make the highest salaries.

Below is a list of the median annual salaries for Molecular and Cellular Biologists in different U.S. states.

State Annual Mean Salary
Alabama $67,200
Alaska $77,430
Arizona $83,680
Arkansas $74,380
California $91,340
Colorado $71,380
Connecticut $93,180
Delaware $91,760
District of Columbia $104,460
Florida $71,200
Georgia $72,460
Hawaii $79,760
Idaho $70,770
Illinois $84,180
Indiana $69,180
Iowa $62,320
Kansas $64,560
Kentucky $64,780
Louisiana $66,100
Maine $76,840
Maryland $103,790
Massachusetts $84,790
Michigan $75,110
Minnesota $73,770
Mississippi $80,690
Missouri $67,290
Montana $66,110
Nebraska $74,790
Nevada $73,490
New Hampshire $78,780
New Jersey $76,330
New Mexico $73,610
New York $89,000
North Carolina $83,380
North Dakota $70,590
Ohio $67,780
Oklahoma $64,200
Oregon $69,930
Pennsylvania $73,550
Rhode Island $89,210
South Carolina $78,370
South Dakota $65,660
Tennessee $67,690
Texas $80,900
Utah $74,290
Vermont $78,070
Virginia $93,750
Washington $85,200
West Virginia $70,060
Wisconsin $73,520
Wyoming $71,030

What Tools do Molecular and Cellular Biologists Use?

Although they’re not necessarily needed for all jobs, the following technologies are used by many Molecular and Cellular Biologists:

  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Word
  • Microsoft Office
  • Web browser software
  • The MathWorks MATLAB
  • Minitab
  • Wolfram Research Mathematica
  • Mathsoft Mathcad
  • Laboratory information management system LIMS
  • Data mining software
  • Basic Local Alignment Search Tool BLAST
  • ClustalW
  • GraphPad Software GraphPad Prism
  • Primer3
  • Mendel
  • Molecular Devices Corporation MetaMorph
  • Textco BioSoftware Gene Inspector
  • EnzymeX

How to Become a Molecular and Cellular Biologist

Are there Molecular and Cellular Biologists education requirements?


What work experience do I need to become a Molecular and Cellular Biologist?


Who Employs Molecular and Cellular Biologists?


The table below shows some of the most common industries where those employed in this career field work.


You May Also Be Interested In…

Those interested in being a Molecular and Cellular Biologist may also be interested in:

Those who work as a Molecular and Cellular Biologist sometimes switch careers to one of these choices:


Image Credit: Janderk via public domain

More about our data sources and methodologies.

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