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What is a Surgeon?

Position Description Physicians who treat diseases, injuries, and deformities by invasive, minimally-invasive, or non-invasive surgical methods, such as using instruments, appliances, or by manual manipulation.

A Day in the Life of a Surgeon

  • Examine instruments, equipment, and operating room to ensure sterility.
  • Diagnose bodily disorders and orthopedic conditions and provide treatments, such as medicines and surgeries, in clinics, hospital wards, or operating rooms.
  • Provide consultation and surgical assistance to other physicians and surgeons.
  • Manage surgery services, including planning, scheduling and coordination, determination of procedures, or procurement of supplies and equipment.
  • Operate on patients to correct deformities, repair injuries, prevent and treat diseases, or improve or restore patients' functions.
  • Prepare case histories.

What Skills Do You Need to Work as a Surgeon?

These are the skills Surgeons say are the most useful in their careers:

Critical Thinking: Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Active Listening: Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Complex Problem Solving: Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

Judgment and Decision Making: Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

Speaking: Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Reading Comprehension: Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Types of Surgeon

  • General Surgeon
  • Heart Surgeon
  • Surgical Oncologist
  • Physicians and Surgeons
  • Surgeon

Is There Going to be Demand for Surgeons?

In the United States, there were 45,000 jobs for Surgeon in 2016. New jobs are being produced at a rate of 14.4% which is above the national average. The Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts 6,500 new jobs for Surgeon by 2026. Due to new job openings and attrition, there will be an average of 1,900 job openings in this field each year.

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The states with the most job growth for Surgeon are New York, Maryland, and Colorado. Watch out if you plan on working in Mississippi, Vermont, or Rhode Island. These states have the worst job growth for this type of profession.

Surgeon Salary

The salary for Surgeons ranges between about $94,960 and $208,000 a year.

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Surgeons who work in Alabama, Alaska, or Arizona, make the highest salaries.

Below is a list of the median annual salaries for Surgeons in different U.S. states.

State Annual Mean Salary
Alabama $278,810
Alaska $208,000
Arizona $208,000
Arkansas $266,630
California $221,490
Colorado $244,940
Connecticut $224,570
Delaware $277,280
District of Columbia $244,230
Florida $211,640
Georgia $273,450
Hawaii $208,000
Idaho $241,030
Illinois $243,350
Indiana $259,850
Iowa $231,450
Kansas $282,940
Kentucky $268,550
Louisiana $253,630
Maine $286,810
Maryland $284,120
Massachusetts $242,790
Michigan $244,710
Minnesota $208,000
Mississippi $280,350
Missouri $248,250
Montana $266,470
Nebraska $287,890
Nevada $208,000
New Hampshire $208,000
New Jersey $285,850
New Mexico $280,430
New York $250,620
North Carolina $278,260
North Dakota $219,390
Ohio $267,680
Oklahoma $279,020
Oregon $208,000
Pennsylvania $252,140
Rhode Island $257,000
South Carolina $208,000
South Dakota $208,000
Tennessee $271,680
Texas $238,080
Utah $208,000
Vermont $272,550
Virginia $264,160
Washington $240,910
Wisconsin $208,000
Wyoming $208,000

What Tools & Technology do Surgeons Use?

Although they’re not necessarily needed for all jobs, the following technologies are used by many Surgeons:

  • Microsoft Windows
  • MEDITECH software
  • Epic Systems
  • SmugMug Flickr
  • Electronic medical record EMR software
  • Practice management software PMS
  • Human resources management system HRMS
  • Computer imaging software

Becoming a Surgeon

Individuals working as a Surgeon have obtained the following education levels:

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How many years of work experience do I need?

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Where do Surgeons Work?

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The table below shows the approximate number of Surgeons employed by various industries.

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Similar Careers

Those interested in being a Surgeon may also be interested in:

Career changers with experience as a Surgeon sometimes find work in one of the following fields:

References:

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More about our data sources and methodologies.

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