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What is a Mathematician?

Career Description Conduct research in fundamental mathematics or in application of mathematical techniques to science, management, and other fields. Solve problems in various fields using mathematical methods.

What Do Mathematicians Do On a Daily Basis?

  • Address the relationships of quantities, magnitudes, and forms through the use of numbers and symbols.
  • Perform computations and apply methods of numerical analysis to data.
  • Develop new principles and new relationships between existing mathematical principles to advance mathematical science.
  • Assemble sets of assumptions and explore the consequences of each set.
  • Disseminate research by writing reports, publishing papers, or presenting at professional conferences.
  • Conduct research to extend mathematical knowledge in traditional areas, such as algebra, geometry, probability, and logic.

Skills Needed to be a Mathematician

Mathematicians state the following job skills are important in their day-to-day work.

Mathematics: Using mathematics to solve problems.

Reading Comprehension: Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Complex Problem Solving: Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

Critical Thinking: Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Active Learning: Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.

Active Listening: Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

  • Computational Physicist
  • Technical Fellow
  • Cipher Expert
  • Consultant
  • Director of Quantitative Research

Mathematician Employment Estimates

In 2016, there was an estimated number of 3,100 jobs in the United States for Mathematician. New jobs are being produced at a rate of 29% which is above the national average. The Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts 900 new jobs for Mathematician by 2026. There will be an estimated 300 positions for Mathematician per year.


The states with the most job growth for Mathematician are Idaho, New Jersey, and Virginia. Watch out if you plan on working in Maryland, Washington, or Pennsylvania. These states have the worst job growth for this type of profession.

Do Mathematicians Make A Lot Of Money?

The typical yearly salary for Mathematicians is somewhere between $57,150 and $160,550.


Mathematicians who work in District of Columbia, Virginia, or Washington, make the highest salaries.

Below is a list of the median annual salaries for Mathematicians in different U.S. states.

State Annual Mean Salary
California $100,000
Colorado $122,840
District of Columbia $133,870
Florida $87,820
Illinois $103,220
Maryland $115,940
Nevada $79,980
New Jersey $117,060
New Mexico $106,790
New York $84,670
Ohio $86,280
Pennsylvania $76,250
Rhode Island $90,640
Virginia $121,240
Washington $123,380

What Tools do Mathematicians Use?

Below is a list of the types of tools and technologies that Mathematicians may use on a daily basis:

  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Word
  • Microsoft Office
  • JavaScript
  • Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Microsoft Outlook
  • Web browser software
  • Python
  • Microsoft Access
  • MySQL
  • Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop
  • Structured query language SQL
  • The MathWorks MATLAB
  • SAS
  • Linux
  • Microsoft Visual Basic
  • Extensible markup language XML
  • IBM SPSS Statistics
  • UNIX
  • PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor

How to Become a Mathematician

What kind of Mathematician requirements are there?


How many years of work experience do I need?


Mathematicians Sector


Below are examples of industries where Mathematicians work:



Image Credit: Wallpoper via Public domain

More about our data sources and methodologies.

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