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Epidemiologist

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What is an Epidemiologist?

Career Description Investigate and describe the determinants and distribution of disease, disability, or health outcomes. May develop the means for prevention and control.

List of Epidemiologist Job Duties

  • Educate healthcare workers, patients, and the public about infectious and communicable diseases, including disease transmission and prevention.
  • Plan, administer and evaluate health safety standards and programs to improve public health, conferring with health department, industry personnel, physicians, and others.
  • Investigate diseases or parasites to determine cause and risk factors, progress, life cycle, or mode of transmission.
  • Communicate research findings on various types of diseases to health practitioners, policy makers, and the public.
  • Provide expertise in the design, management and evaluation of study protocols and health status questionnaires, sample selection, and analysis.
  • Standardize drug dosages, methods of immunization, and procedures for manufacture of drugs and medicinal compounds.

Epidemiologist Required Skills

These are the skills Epidemiologists say are the most useful in their careers:

Science: Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.

Reading Comprehension: Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Critical Thinking: Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Active Learning: Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.

Speaking: Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Judgment and Decision Making: Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

Types of Epidemiologist Jobs

  • Epidemiology Investigator
  • Epidemiologist
  • Environmental Epidemiologist
  • Communicable Disease Specialist
  • Infectious Disease Specialist

Job Opportunities for Epidemiologists

There were about 6,100 jobs for Epidemiologist in 2016 (in the United States). New jobs are being produced at a rate of 8.2% which is above the national average. The Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts 500 new jobs for Epidemiologist by 2026. Due to new job openings and attrition, there will be an average of 600 job openings in this field each year.

Forecasted Number of Jobs for Epidemiologists in U.S.

The states with the most job growth for Epidemiologist are South Carolina, Florida, and Nebraska. Watch out if you plan on working in Virginia, Oregon, or Oklahoma. These states have the worst job growth for this type of profession.

How Much Does an Epidemiologist Make?

The average yearly salary of an Epidemiologist ranges between $42,240 and $112,600.

Salary Ranges for Epidemiologists

Epidemiologists who work in New Jersey, District of Columbia, or Massachusetts, make the highest salaries.

Below is a list of the median annual salaries for Epidemiologists in different U.S. states.

State Annual Mean Salary
Arizona $59,650
Arkansas $62,890
California $92,040
Colorado $60,550
Connecticut $86,250
District of Columbia $106,740
Florida $44,350
Georgia $64,160
Illinois $84,810
Indiana $74,640
Kansas $63,820
Kentucky $53,560
Louisiana $54,620
Maryland $77,330
Massachusetts $107,670
Michigan $72,820
Minnesota $71,870
Missouri $61,110
Montana $66,360
New Jersey $94,450
New Mexico $67,130
New York $91,880
North Carolina $82,820
Ohio $69,680
Oklahoma $68,530
Oregon $71,470
Pennsylvania $79,690
Tennessee $84,560
Texas $71,320
Virginia $67,110
Washington $102,490
West Virginia $51,910
Wisconsin $78,250

Tools & Technologies Used by Epidemiologists

Below is a list of the types of tools and technologies that Epidemiologists may use on a daily basis:

  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Word
  • Microsoft Office
  • Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Microsoft Outlook
  • Web browser software
  • Microsoft Access
  • Word processing software
  • Data visualization software
  • Structured query language SQL
  • Database software
  • SAS
  • Facebook
  • IBM SPSS Statistics
  • R
  • Geographic information system GIS software
  • Tableau
  • StataCorp Stata
  • ESRI ArcView
  • ESRI ArcInfo

How to Become an Epidemiologist

Learn what Epidemiologist education requirements there are.

Epidemiologist Degree Level

How many years of work experience do I need?

Epidemiologist Work Experience

Where do Epidemiologists Work?

Epidemiologist Sectors

The table below shows some of the most common industries where those employed in this career field work.

Epidemiologist Industries

You May Also Be Interested In…

Those interested in being an Epidemiologist may also be interested in:

Career changers with experience as an Epidemiologist sometimes find work in one of the following fields:

References:

Image Credit: Ernst Haeckel via public domain

More about our data sources and methodologies.

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