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What is a Plumber?

Plumber Definition Assemble, install, or repair pipes, fittings, or fixtures of heating, water, or drainage systems, according to specifications or plumbing codes.

Life as a Plumber: What Do They Do?

  • Inspect structures to assess material or equipment needs, to establish the sequence of pipe installations, or to plan installation around obstructions, such as electrical wiring.
  • Install pipe assemblies, fittings, valves, appliances such as dishwashers or water heaters, or fixtures such as sinks or toilets, using hand or power tools.
  • Weld small pipes or special piping, using specialized techniques, equipment, or materials, such as computer-assisted welding or microchip fabrication.
  • Compile information on governmental incentive programs related to the installation of energy or water saving plumbing systems or devices.
  • Perform domestic plumbing audits to identify ways in which customers might reduce consumption of water or energy.
  • Measure, cut, thread, or bend pipe to required angle, using hand or power tools or machines, such as pipe cutters, pipe-threading machines, or pipe-bending machines.

What Skills Do You Need to Work as a Plumber?

When polled, Plumbers say the following skills are most frequently used in their jobs:

Critical Thinking: Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Active Listening: Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Judgment and Decision Making: Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

Operation Monitoring: Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.

Speaking: Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Types of Plumbers

  • Service Plumber
  • Maintenance Plumber
  • Commercial Plumber
  • Plumbing Mechanic
  • Drain Cleaner, Plumber

Plumber Employment Estimates

In the United States, there were 480,600 jobs for Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters in 2016.

New jobs are being produced at a rate of 15.6% which is lower than average. The Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts 75,200 new jobs for Plumbers by 2026. Due to new job openings and attrition, there will be an average of 61,000 job openings in this field each year.

Forecasted Number of Jobs for Plumbers in U.S.

The states with the most job growth for Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters are Texas, California, and Florida.

Watch out if you plan on working in Maine, Alaska, or Vermont. These states have the worst job growth for this type of profession.

What is the Average Salary of a Plumber

The average yearly salary of a Plumber ranges between $32,100 and $93,700. The median salary is $53,910.

Salary Ranges for Plumbers

Below is a list of the median annual salaries for jobs of this type in different U.S. states.

Annual Mean Salary by State
State Annual Mean Salary

Illinois

$79,400

Alaska

$75,520

Minnesota

$74,220

New York

$73,820

Oregon

$73,810

Hawaii

$73,810

New Jersey

$71,370

Massachusetts

$70,320

District of Columbia

$69,800

Wisconsin

$68,510

Washington

$67,090

Connecticut

$63,780

Missouri

$63,550

Delaware

$61,640

Michigan

$61,620

California

$61,410

Montana

$60,940

Maryland

$60,610

Pennsylvania

$60,380

Indiana

$60,030

West Virginia

$60,000

Kentucky

$55,890

Ohio

$55,640

Nevada

$55,600

New Hampshire

$55,180

Kansas

$55,140

Nebraska

$55,110

Louisiana

$54,940

North Dakota

$53,800

Wyoming

$53,550

Colorado

$53,350

Iowa

$52,060

Utah

$51,970

Vermont

$51,210

Maine

$50,830

Oklahoma

$50,710

Virginia

$50,330

Texas

$49,180

Arizona

$48,950

Tennessee

$48,850

Georgia

$48,680

Idaho

$47,320

New Mexico

$45,420

Mississippi

$45,280

Alabama

$45,260

South Carolina

$44,970

Florida

$44,200

North Carolina

$43,750

South Dakota

$43,600

Arkansas

$43,540

What Tools & Technology do Plumbers Use?

Although they’re not necessarily needed for all jobs, the following technologies are used by many Plumbers:

  • Autodesk Building Systems
  • Intuit QuickBooks
  • Microsoft Office
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Drawing and drafting software
  • Horizon Engineering Sigma Plumbing Calculator
  • Elite Software Plumbing CAD
  • Microsoft Word
  • Elite Software Sprinkler CAD

How to Become a Plumber

What education or degrees do I need to become a Plumber?

Plumber Degree Level

What work experience do I need to become a Plumber?

Plumber Work Experience

Who Employs Plumbers?

Plumber Sectors

References

Bureau of Labor Statistics

College Factual

O*NET Online

Image Credit: Via Wikimedia Commons

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