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Crop Farmworker or Laborer

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What is a Crop Farmworker or Laborer?

Crop Farmworker or Laborer Definition Manually plant, cultivate, and harvest vegetables, fruits, nuts and field crops. Use hand tools, such as shovels, trowels, hoes, tampers, pruning hooks, shears, and knives. Duties may include tilling soil and applying fertilizers; transplanting, weeding, thinning, or pruning crops; applying pesticides; cleaning, packing, and loading harvested products. May construct trellises, repair fences and farm buildings, or participate in irrigation activities.

Life As a Crop Farmworker or Laborer: What Do They Do?

  • Participate in the inspection, grading, sorting, storage, and post-harvest treatment of crops.
  • Clear and maintain irrigation ditches.
  • Inform farmers or farm managers of crop progress.
  • Operate tractors, tractor-drawn machinery, and self-propelled machinery to plow, harrow and fertilize soil, or to plant, cultivate, spray and harvest crops.
  • Repair farm buildings, fences, and other structures.
  • Set up and operate irrigation equipment.

Qualities of a Crop Farmworker or Laborer

When polled, Crop Farmworkers and Laborers say the following skills are most frequently used in their jobs:

Operation and Control: Controlling operations of equipment or systems.

Operation Monitoring: Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.

Coordination: Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.

Speaking: Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Critical Thinking: Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Active Listening: Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Types of Crop Farmworker or Laborer Jobs

  • Carrot Buncher
  • Onion Tier
  • Hop Picker
  • Potato Loader
  • Agriculture Worker

Are There Job Opportunities for Crop Farmworkers and Laborers?

In 2016, there was an estimated number of 503,700 jobs in the United States for Crop Farmworker or Laborer. New jobs are being produced at a rate of 1.1% which is below the national average. The Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts 5,500 new jobs for Crop Farmworker or Laborer by 2026. The BLS estimates 76,800 yearly job openings in this field.


The states with the most job growth for Crop Farmworker or Laborer are Alaska, Nevada, and Vermont. Watch out if you plan on working in South Carolina, Florida, or Hawaii. These states have the worst job growth for this type of profession.

Average Crop Farmworkers and Laborers Salary

The average yearly salary of a Crop Farmworker or Laborer ranges between $21,900 and $35,200.


Crop Farmworkers and Laborers who work in District of Columbia, Wyoming, or Vermont, make the highest salaries.

Below is a list of the median annual salaries for Crop Farmworkers and Laborers in different U.S. states.

State Annual Mean Salary
Alabama $22,820
Alaska $26,030
Arizona $25,120
Arkansas $22,020
California $26,240
Colorado $31,870
Connecticut $29,760
Delaware $28,390
District of Columbia $38,760
Florida $24,520
Georgia $23,410
Hawaii $32,740
Idaho $24,340
Illinois $30,020
Indiana $24,820
Iowa $30,630
Kansas $28,450
Kentucky $27,180
Louisiana $26,060
Maine $29,520
Maryland $31,900
Massachusetts $34,500
Michigan $25,130
Minnesota $31,510
Mississippi $25,040
Missouri $29,010
Montana $24,850
Nebraska $31,430
Nevada $24,720
New Hampshire $28,640
New Jersey $27,810
New Mexico $21,360
New York $32,720
North Carolina $24,770
North Dakota $30,830
Ohio $25,730
Oklahoma $29,930
Oregon $26,440
Pennsylvania $29,270
South Carolina $27,700
South Dakota $28,560
Tennessee $22,700
Texas $22,120
Utah $26,870
Vermont $31,680
Virginia $27,910
Washington $29,430
West Virginia $25,430
Wisconsin $26,870
Wyoming $35,260

What Tools & Technology do Crop Farmworkers and Laborers Use?

Below is a list of the types of tools and technologies that Crop Farmworkers and Laborers may use on a daily basis:

  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Word
  • Microsoft Office
  • Web browser software
  • Global positioning system GPS software
  • BCL Landview Systems WinCrop
  • Farm Works Software Trac

How to Become a Crop Farmworker or Laborer

Education needed to be a Crop Farmworker or Laborer:


How many years of work experience do I need?


Where Crop Farmworkers and Laborers Work


The table below shows the approximate number of Crop Farmworkers and Laborers employed by various industries.


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More about our data sources and methodologies.

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