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Crop Farmworker or Laborer

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What Does it Take to Be a Crop Farmworker or Laborer?

Job Description: Manually plant, cultivate, and harvest vegetables, fruits, nuts and field crops. Use hand tools, such as shovels, trowels, hoes, tampers, pruning hooks, shears, and knives. Duties may include tilling soil and applying fertilizers; transplanting, weeding, thinning, or pruning crops; applying pesticides; cleaning, packing, and loading harvested products. May construct trellises, repair fences and farm buildings, or participate in irrigation activities.

Daily Life Of a Crop Farmworker or Laborer

  • Identify plants, pests, and weeds to determine the selection and application of pesticides and fertilizers.
  • Load agricultural products into trucks, and drive trucks to market or storage facilities.
  • Record information about crops, such as pesticide use, yields, or costs.
  • Direct and monitor the work of casual and seasonal help during planting and harvesting.
  • Inform farmers or farm managers of crop progress.
  • Harvest fruits and vegetables by hand.

Skills Needed to be a Crop Farmworker or Laborer

When polled, Crop Farmworkers and Laborers say the following skills are most frequently used in their jobs:

Operation and Control: Controlling operations of equipment or systems.

Operation Monitoring: Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.

Coordination: Adjusting actions in relation to others’ actions.

Speaking: Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Critical Thinking: Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Active Listening: Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Other Crop Farmworker or Laborer Job Titles

  • Onion Topper
  • Field Crop Harvest Worker
  • Land Clearer
  • Cotton Stomper
  • Tractor Operator

Crop Farmworker or Laborer Employment Estimates

In 2016, there was an estimated number of 503,700 jobs in the United States for Crop Farmworker or Laborer. New jobs are being produced at a rate of 1.1% which is below the national average. The Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts 5,500 new jobs for Crop Farmworker or Laborer by 2026. There will be an estimated 76,800 positions for Crop Farmworker or Laborer per year.

Forecasted Number of Jobs for Crop Farmworkers and Laborers in U.S.

The states with the most job growth for Crop Farmworker or Laborer are Alaska, Nevada, and Vermont. Watch out if you plan on working in South Carolina, Florida, or Hawaii. These states have the worst job growth for this type of profession.

Crop Farmworker or Laborer Average Salary

The salary for Crop Farmworkers and Laborers ranges between about $21,900 and $35,200 a year.

Salary Ranges for Crop Farmworkers and Laborers

Crop Farmworkers and Laborers who work in District of Columbia, Wyoming, or Vermont, make the highest salaries.

Below is a list of the median annual salaries for Crop Farmworkers and Laborers in different U.S. states.

State Annual Mean Salary
Alabama $22,820
Alaska $26,030
Arizona $25,120
Arkansas $22,020
California $26,240
Colorado $31,870
Connecticut $29,760
Delaware $28,390
District of Columbia $38,760
Florida $24,520
Georgia $23,410
Hawaii $32,740
Idaho $24,340
Illinois $30,020
Indiana $24,820
Iowa $30,630
Kansas $28,450
Kentucky $27,180
Louisiana $26,060
Maine $29,520
Maryland $31,900
Massachusetts $34,500
Michigan $25,130
Minnesota $31,510
Mississippi $25,040
Missouri $29,010
Montana $24,850
Nebraska $31,430
Nevada $24,720
New Hampshire $28,640
New Jersey $27,810
New Mexico $21,360
New York $32,720
North Carolina $24,770
North Dakota $30,830
Ohio $25,730
Oklahoma $29,930
Oregon $26,440
Pennsylvania $29,270
South Carolina $27,700
South Dakota $28,560
Tennessee $22,700
Texas $22,120
Utah $26,870
Vermont $31,680
Virginia $27,910
Washington $29,430
West Virginia $25,430
Wisconsin $26,870
Wyoming $35,260

What Tools & Technology do Crop Farmworkers and Laborers Use?

Below is a list of the types of tools and technologies that Crop Farmworkers and Laborers may use on a daily basis:

  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Word
  • Microsoft Office
  • Web browser software
  • Global positioning system GPS software
  • BCL Landview Systems WinCrop
  • Farm Works Software Trac

Becoming a Crop Farmworker or Laborer

What education or degrees do I need to become a Crop Farmworker or Laborer?

Crop Farmworker or Laborer Degree Level

How many years of work experience do I need?

Crop Farmworker or Laborer Work Experience

Where Crop Farmworkers and Laborers Are Employed

Crop Farmworker or Laborer Sectors

Crop Farmworkers and Laborers work in the following industries:

Crop Farmworker or Laborer Industries

Other Jobs You May be Interested In

Those thinking about becoming a Crop Farmworker or Laborer might also be interested in the following careers:


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More about our data sources and methodologies.

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